The city of Winnipeg and most of Manitoba is under an extreme cold warning early Monday morning with windchills up to - 45 degrees Celsius. 

"There is an arctic air mass that has settled pretty heavily over the southern prairies, giving a lot of extremely cold temperatures," says Rose Carlsen, a meteorologist with Environment and Climate Change Canada (EC). 

The cold won't be leaving Manitoba anytime soon, according to Carlsen. 

"It will, unfortunately, be settled in for a few days but we're looking at temperatures returning to more seasonable value by this weekend."

With windchills between -40 and -45, there is a possibility of getting frost bite on exposed skin within minutes. 

"Even though the daytime highs are still pretty cold, they're usually not extremely cold. But the overnight low and early morning temperatures during rush hour that are the most dangerous and the most cold."

People going outside for any reason in these extremely cold temperatures should take precautions. 

"Pay attention to your vulnerable population. People experiencing homelessness, the elderly, and very young children are vulnerable. Know the forecast, be prepared and layer up as much as you can."

If people see a person on the streets of Winnipeg struggling with the cold, call 2-1-1. It links to Main Street Project, Downtown Community Street Patrol, St. Boniface Street Links, and many more shelters and supports.

Current watches and warnings

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